Acne (pimples, acne) is a serious inflammatory skin disease that occurs due to the accumulation of excess fat in the mouths of the hair canals. This leads to the formation of the so-called “cork”, which creates an ideal environment for the reproduction of bacteria, the appearance of infections on the skin, rashes and other defects.
Dermatologists distinguish several separate types of acne, which differ in symptoms and external manifestations:
Closed comedones (also subcutaneous acne) are a rash consisting of compressed, inflamed (often black or gray) skin secretions. They are located under the skin and are formed as a result of the reaction of the oxidation of the contents with oxygen.
Open comedones (commonly known as blackheads) have the same nature as closed comedones, but they appear exclusively on the surface of the skin.
Nodules are nodular formations under the skin that are accompanied by inflammation and pain. They are hard to the touch and feel like hard bumps on palpation. In some cases, it may be surrounded by purulent secretions.
Papules are small, painful red pimples that do not have a purulent content.
Pustules are characteristic (“classic”) blisters. It is accompanied by purulent secretions and an inflamed area of red skin.
About 80% of people have experienced acne at least once in their life. We will analyze the possible factors for the appearance of acne, which provoke an overactivity of sebum synthesis and the appearance of inflammatory foci.
The main causes of acne on the face:
changes in the work of the hormonal system or fluctuations in the hormonal background (puberty, certain stages of the cycle, pregnancy);
Gastrointestinal and thyroid diseases.
unbalanced diet, frequent lack of sleep, bad habits;
demodicosis (acne mite);
Use of stimulants.
the use of drugs containing halogens and barbiturates;
Skin lesions accompanied by inflammation.
thickening of the stratum corneum of the epidermis (hyperkeratosis);
accumulation in the pores of keratinized epidermal particles, mixed with sebum;
violation of hygiene rules;
Stress: The stress hormone cortisol, which is produced by the adrenal glands during emotional turmoil, activates the sebaceous glands.
Acne is a serious condition and should be treated under the supervision of a dermatologist. If the problem is limited to two acne (pimples, pimples) and clogged pores, you can solve it yourself with the help of dermatological cosmetics.
If the situation is serious, cystic infections, deep subcutaneous pustules (nodules) or nodular acne have appeared, in this case it is better to consult a specialist. He will help prescribe drugs, including, among others, antibiotics, hormonal drugs, as well as drugs containing isotretinoin. Under these conditions, self-treatment can only exacerbate the problem.
Acne marks and pimples on the face and body can make a person’s life uncomfortable, they destroy self-confidence and create psychological problems in communication. At some point, a person is desperate to wait until “everything goes away by itself” and decides to treat acne correctly, that is, he makes an appointment with a dermatologist.